The World Health Organization is the specialized agency for health in the world from United Nations. It was created in 7th April 1948 by the members in the United Nations (UN). The (WHO) headquarter is situated in Geneva , Switzerland and it is also a member of United Nations Development Group.
It is an inter-governmental organization and works in collaboration with its Member States usually through the Ministries of Health.
The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by 61 countries on 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 22 July 1946.
The WHO is responsible for the world health report , the worldwide World Health Survey , and World Health Day . The current Director-General of the World Health Organization is Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus , who started his five-year term on 1st July 2017.
Functions and Work
The World Health Organization is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards.
The WHO is an international health cooperative that monitors the state of the world’s health and takes steps to improve the health status of individual countries and of the world community.
Its policies and programs have a far-reaching impact on the status of international public health. Its mission is to improve people’s lives, to reduce the burdens of disease and poverty, and to provide access to responsive health care for all people.
WHO operations are carried out by three distinct components: the World Health Assembly, the executive board, and the secretariat.
world health assembly
It is the supreme making decision-body and it meets annually, with the participation of ministers of health department from its 191 member nations. And also it monitors the state of the world’s health and takes steps to improve the health status of an individual countries in the world community.
THE EXECUTIVE BOARD
The executive board, composed of thirty-two individuals chosen on the basis of their scientific and professional qualifications, meets between the assembly sessions. It implements the decisions and policies of the assembly.
The secretariat is controlled by the director general of the world health organization, who is elected by the world health assembly through the nomination of the board. The headquarters of the WHO is in Geneva.
The director general shared his responsibilities with six regional directors, who are in turn chosen by member states of their respective regions. Their regional directors, in turn, choose the WHO representatives at the country level for their respective regions.
World Health Organization Programs
- Health education
- Treatment of common diseases and injuries
- Safe water and basic sanitation
- Food, food safety, and nutrition
- Provision of essential drugs.
- Prevention and control of local endemic diseases
World Health Organization is authorized to issue global health alerts and take other measures to prevent the international spread of health diseases.
It has made major contributions to the prevention of diseases such as malaria, polio, and tuberculosis, and the eradication of smallpox.
The agency worked to eradicate smallpox, has made notable strides in checking polio, cholera, malaria, and tuberculosis, has taken the lead within the United Nations community on matters related to HIV/AIDS, and sponsored medical research on tropical and other diseases.
WHO also has drafted conventions for preventing the international spread of disease, such as sanitary and quarantine requirements, and for reducing smoking, and has given attention to the problems of environmental pollution.
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