PARTS OF SPEECH
What are parts of speech?
Ans:- It is a category in which a word is allowed in a line with syntactic functions. In grammar, the main parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, interjections, determiners, adverbs, conjunctions, and prepositions.
Parts of Speech Table:-
|Parts of speech||Functions||Example words||Example sentences|
|Verb||Words that tell us about some actions.||Play, cook, run, swim, sleep, bark, read, laugh etc.||She is playing.|
He is sleeping.
|Noun||Name of a person, place, animal or thing.||India gate, Sita, coffee, giraffe, Phone etc.||Delhi is the capital of India.|
Kavita plays cricket
|Pronoun||Words that are used at the place of nouns.||I,he,it,she,they,we, you etc.||He is Sanjay.|
She is parul.
|Adjective||A word which describes a noun or pronoun.||Tall, short, sweet, sour etc.||She is tall.|
It has a hardcover.
|Interjection||Words are used to express sorrow, happiness, surprise etc.||Oh!Wow! Hurray! etc.||Hurray! We won the match|
Wow! What a painting.
|Determiners||Come before a noun and show how the noun is used.||Her, most, those etc.||Her paintings are amazing. Do you see those coming?|
|Adverb||Words that describe the verb and tell us how something is done.||Loudly, slowly, quickly etc.||He sings very loudly.|
She walks slowly.
|Conjunction||Words that join phrases, words and one sentence to another sentence||But, because, and, or, therefore, until, otherwise, so etc.||Rita,Sita andRama is my friend.|
You will drink coffee or tea.
|Preposition||A word is used before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to another word.||In, on, with, behind, near, into, over, under etc.||The cat is under the table.|
My house is near the Market.
Parts of speech examples:-
Words with more than one job
There are many words in English that function as more than one job like the word “work” act as a noun as well as a verb, “but” acts as a conjunction as well as a preposition etc. To identify these words we have to analyze the sentence and have to know what job that word is doing in the sentence.
Some words that work with more than one job is given below:-
|Word||Parts of speech||Example in sentences|
|Work||Noun – work, Verb- work||Noun- Her work is less. Verb – She works in Mumbai.|
|But||Conjunction- but, Preposition – but||Conjunction- He likes coffee but I don’t.Preposition- Everyone danced but Sita.|